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אוסף מאמרים נבחרים

מאמרים

מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2020

The Global Risks Report 2020

The Global Risks Report 2020 presents the major risks the world will be facing in the coming year. The global economy is facing an increased risk of stagnation, climate change is striking harder and more rapidly than expected
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Monitoring and Evaluating Climate Adaptation Activities: A Reference Guide for City Managers

Cities are leading the way in committing to ambitious climate adaptation goals and implementing strategies to reduce climate risks. However, these commitments to adaptation action often face challenges in documenting changes in resilience of urban systems and populations. To capture these adaptation results, cities will need to develop robust monitoring and reporting frameworks to measure achievement, document outcomes and learn from their adaptation activities
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Managing global catastrophic risks - Part 1 - Understand

Sponsored by the Centre for the Study of Existential Risk (CSER), this report is dedicated to providing options for policy-makers to better understand, mitigate, prepare for, respond to and communicate about global catastrophic risks
מידע נוסף
2019

Managing global catastrophic risks - Part 1 - Understand

Sponsored by the Centre for the Study of Existential Risk (CSER), this report is dedicated to providing options for policy-makers to better understand, mitigate, prepare for, respond to and communicate about global catastrophic risks
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2015

Contrasting futures for ocean and society from different anthropogenic CO₂ emissions scenarios

The ocean moderates anthropogenic climate change at the cost of profound alterations of its physics, chemistry, ecology, and services. Here, we evaluate and compare the risks of impacts on marine and coastal ecosystems-and the goods and services they provide-for growing cumulative carbon emissions under two contrasting emissions scenarios. The current emissions trajectory would rapidly and significantly alter many ecosystems and the associated services on which humans heavily depend. A reduced emissions scenario-consistent with the Copenhagen Accord's goal of a global temperature increase of less than 2°C-is much more favorable to the ocean but still substantially alters important marine ecosystems and associated goods and services. The management options to address ocean impacts narrow as the ocean warms and acidifies. Consequently, any new climate regime that fails to minimize ocean impacts would be incomplete and inadequate.
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2015

Adapting to climate change: 2013 strategy for exercising the adaptation reporting power

he adaptation reporting power under the Climate Change Act 2008 aims to ensure that climate change risk management is systematically undertaken by reporting authorities. This aims to help ensure that public service and infrastructure are resilient to climate change, and to monitor the level of preparedness of key sectors to climate change.

The 2013 strategy for the adaptation reporting power has been developed after discussions with stakeholders and consideration of consultation responses. Th
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2012

Turn Down the Heat: Why a 4°C Warmer World Must Be Avoided

This report, produced for the World Bank by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and Climate Analytics, attempts to describe what climate change impacts are likely to be felt in a ‘4°C world', i.e. a world where global average temperatures have risen four degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. In doing so, it hopes to motivate actors and insert urgency into climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts.
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2011

The Challenge of Climate Change Adaptation: Learning from National Planning Efforts in Britain, China, and the United States

This paper surveys projected climate impacts and national planning efforts in three major countries. The three countries are in varying stages of planning for climate adaptation. Planning frameworks in all three countries suffer from a lack of specificity and urgency. To address this situation, the paper recommends the use of scenario planning, including consideration of high-impact scenarios, to address the downside risks of climate change, and identifying and prioritizing impacts on vulnerable populations such as the elderly, the poor, and coastal communities.
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2011

The basic economics of low-carbon growth in the UK

report states: “The UK has committed to a transition towards a low-carbon economy. This transition could not only contribute to the management of the immense risks posed by climate change, it could also be, with good policy, intensely creative and full of opportunity. This policy must be founded on sound economics, which embodies robust and dynamic analysis of the costs, benefits and risks associated with both low-carbon growth and the alternatives.”It points out: “The Government has committed to making the transition to low-carbon economic growth. It must continue to show clear decision-making on a range of policy issues, as it has done by following the advice of the Committee on Climate Change on the UK’s fourth carbon budget, in line with the long-term objective of making the transition to a low-carbon economy.”But the report warns: “Significant investment is required in UK energy infrastructure over the next ten years. Failing to show clarity and confidence now, for instance by being shaky, or appearing shaky, on carbon budget commitments, will damage private sector investment in low-carbon technologies and the prospects for growth, and thus, for employment. Weak or confused government policy, ignoring the multiple market failures in this key area, undermines markets and entrepreneurship, and the ability of the UK to embrace the real growth story of the future.”The report also notes that the investment in low-carbon technologies can drive the UK’s economic recovery, particularly if Government policies can unlock the current record level of private sector savings. But it stresses: “There must be tough and serious economic analysis of the management of the transition to the low-carbon economy. There will be costs and difficult decisions. Cost are not saved and investment is not promoted by procrastination or by capture by narrow interests.”
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2011

Reducing the risks posed by natural hazards and climate change: the need for a participatory dialogue between the scientific community and policy makers

In the last two decades we witnessed a progressive shift in the approach towards the reduction of the impact of natural hazards. From a general reactive approach, focusing on strengthening disaster response mechanisms, we have moved to proactive approaches. There has been recognition that each element of society, from public institutions to private sector, from community-based organizations to every single individual, can make a difference by acting before disasters strike to reduce the associated risks of human and economic losses. This proactive approach can be summarized in three words: Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). This paper, which serves as an introduction to the special issue of Environment Science & Policy on climate change impact on water-related disasters, intends to provide readers with an overview of the main policy frameworks addressing DRR internationally and in Europe. Further, it aims to offer some “food for thought” on the underlying opportunities we have to enhance the resilience of our communities towards the risks posed by weather-related hazards. It stresses the importance of governance of risks, which starts from an effective dialogue between the scientific community and the policy makers: those who have the responsibility to decide on the most cost-effective interventions to address climate change adaptation and risk reduction.
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2011

Future impacts of climate change across Europe

This CEPS Working Document reviews the potential impacts of climate change on 11 key indicator categories and 3 large regions covering the entire European Union. Although there remains a considerable degree of uncertainty about local and regional effects, the paper highlights strong distributional patterns. Northern Europe might even experience some positive effects, while the Mediterranean will mostly be negatively affected. Still, the cumulative impacts of climate change on poorer countries will also affect northern European countries, as growing water scarcity and other repercussions in Mediterranean countries could pose social and security challenges through increasing risks of conflicts and migration pressures.The impacts outlined in this paper are a useful starting point for policy-makers when shaping effective adaptation policies for Europe. They underline the need for a European response in the spirit of solidarity, while stressing that the fight against climate change is clearly in the self-interest of the EU and all of its member states.
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2007

Stern Review: the Economics of Climate Change

The Stern Review, released on October 30, 2006, provides the most thorough and rigorous analysis to date of the costs and risks of climate change and reducing emissions and convincingly argues that the benefits of strong, early global action to mitigate climate change will be far lower than the costs.
מידע נוסף

מאמרים ופרסומים אחרונים

מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2020

Global warming to increase violent crime in the United States

Recent studies have revealed large and robust correlations between seasonal climate and violent crime rates at regional scales within the continental United States, begging the question of how future climate change will influence violent crime rates. Here, we combine empirical models from previous studies with 42 state-of-the-art global climate models to make such projections, while accounting for key factors like regionality and seasonality, and appropriately combining multiple of sources of un
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2020

From incremental to transformative adaptation in individual responses to climate-exacerbated hazards

In this Review of scholarship on behavioural adaptation, we find that most empirical studies focus on the affective and cognitive drivers of behaviours with largely private benefits. Few examine behaviours with collective benefits or explore the moderating role of social factors on affective and cognitive cues
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2020

The Global Risks Report 2020

The Global Risks Report 2020 presents the major risks the world will be facing in the coming year. The global economy is facing an increased risk of stagnation, climate change is striking harder and more rapidly than expected
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2020

Economy-wide effects of coastal flooding due to sea level rise: a multi-model simultaneous treatment of mitigation, adaptation, and residual impacts

The article presents a multi-model assessment of the macroeconomic impacts of coastal flooding due to sea level rise and the respective economy-wide implications of adaptation measures for two greenhouse gas (GHG) concentration targets, namely the Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP)2.6 and RCP4.5, and subsequent temperature increases
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2020

Anomalously warm temperatures are associated with increased injury deaths

Temperatures that deviate from the long-term local norm affect human health, and are projected to become more frequent as the global climate changes. There are limited data on how such anomalies affect deaths from injuries. In the present study, we used data on mortality and temperature over 38 years (1980–2017) in the contiguous USA and formulated a Bayesian spatio-temporal model to quantify how anomalous temperatures, defined as deviations of monthly temperature from the local average monthly
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2020

Climate risk and response: Physical hazards and socioeconomic impacts

In this report, we look at the physical effects of our changing climate. We explore risks today
and over the next three decades and examine cases to understand the mechanisms through
which physical climate change leads to increased socioeconomic risk
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2020

Strengthening Post-Hurricane Supply Chain Resilience - Observations from Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria

Resilient supply chains are crucial to maintaining the consistent delivery of goods and services to the American people. The modern economy has made supply chains more interconnected than ever, while also expanding both their range and fragility. In the third quarter of 2017, Hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria revealed some significant vulnerabilities in the national and regional supply chains of Texas, Florida, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

2019 Global Status Report for Buildings and Construction

The buildings and construction sector accounted for 36% of final energy use and 39% of energy
and process-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in 2018, 11% of which resulted from
manufacturing building materials and products such as steel, cement and glass. This year’s Global Status Report provides an update on drivers of CO2 emissions and energy demand globally since 2017, along with examples of policies, technologies and investments that support low-carbon building stocks
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

How England’s broken planning system has created (not reduced) the risk of floods

Recent floods in England have been described as unprecedented or even “biblical” events, often with the misguided assumption that they were unavoidable or unpredictable. That is not the case.
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Climate Finance and Sustainable Cities

The theme of the 2019 SCF Forum was “Climate finance and sustainable cities”. The objective of the Forum was to enhance understanding of how to accelerate the mobilization and delivery of climate finance for the development of sustainable cities
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

2019 National Preparedness Report

The National Preparedness Report evaluates annual preparedness progress and challenges facing the whole community. The 2019 National Preparedness Report highlights the diverse range of preparedness challenges the Nation faces—from terrorism and active shooter incidents, to cyber attacks, to natural disasters, as well as how stakeholders across the Nation are using preparedness grant funding to invest in preparedness improvements
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Yearbook of global climate Action 2019

The Yearbook identifies opportunities and challenges for mitigation and resilience in the seven thematic areas of the Marrakech Partnership (land use, oceans and coastal zones, water, human settlements, transport, energy and industry) and the cross-cutting area of finance
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Meeting the looming policy challenge of sea-level change and human migration

Minimizing the adverse consequences of sea-level change presents a key societal challenge. New modelling is necessary to examine the implications of global policy decisions that determine future greenhouse gas emissions and local policies around coastal risk that influence where and how we live
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Global Climate Report - October 2019

Last October was Earth’s second-hottest October in recorded history, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The agency announced that average global land and ocean surface temperatures in October were 1.76 degrees above the 20th century average.
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

שינוי האקלים בישראל מגמות עבר ומגמות חזויות במשטר הטמפרטורות והמשקעים

בדו"ח זה לראשונה מציג השירות המטאורולוגי ניתוח בהיקף נרחב של מגמות הטמפרטורה
וכמויות המשקעים על בסיס נתוני העבר מכל רחבי הארץ וניתוח תחזיות של מודלים אקלימיים
אזוריים לעשורים הקרובים
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

The 2019 report of The Lancet Countdown on health and climate change: ensuring that the health of a child born today is not defined by a changing climate

The Lancet Countdown is an international, multidisciplinary collaboration, dedicated to monitoring the evolving health profile of climate change, and providing an independent assessment of the delivery of commitments made by governments worldwide under the Paris agreement
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Perspectives of climate change adaptation of building areas against heat waves

This paper makes a contribution to the 11th SDG "Sustainable Cities and Communities" with the target to improve the adaptation to climate change and resilience to disasters in terms of summer heat
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

World Scientists’ Warning of a Climate Emergency

Scientists have a moral obligation to clearly warn humanity of any catastrophic threat and to “tell it like it is”
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

GAR19 - Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction

This fifth edition of the United Nations Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (GAR) is being issued four years after the adoption of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 (Sendai Framework).
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

2019 Refinement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories

The 2019 Refinement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories was adopted and accepted during the 49th Session of the IPCC in May 2019
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

2019 - IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate

The latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Special Report
highlights the urgency of prioritizing timely, ambitious and coordinated action to address
.unprecedented and enduring changes in the ocean and cryosphere
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Quantifying the impact of changing the threshold of New York City heat emergency plan in reducing heat-related illnesses

The adverse health impact of high heat is widely documented and can lead to a substantial public health burden. Although heat-related illness in western countries is largely preventable, extreme heat remains the main weather contributor to the burden of disease in the United States.
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Peak energy, peak oil, and the rise of renewables: An executive’s guide to the global energy system

In this episode of the McKinsey Podcast, Simon London speaks with senior partners Namit Sharma and Christer Tryggestad about their research in the Global Energy Perspective 2019 and
.where global energy demand is headed in the decades to come
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

UN 2019 sixth Global Environment Outlook: GEO-6 - Summary for Policymakers

UN Environment’s sixth Global Environment Outlook (2019) calls on decision makers to take immediate action to address pressing environmental issues to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals as well as other Internationally Agreed Environment Goals, such as the Paris Agreement
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

The case for strategic and managed climate retreat

Faced with global warming, rising sea levels, and the climate-related extremes they intensify, the question is no longer whether some communities will retreat—moving people and assets out of harm's way—but why, where, when, and how they will retreat.
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מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Accelerating Climate Action

This report builds on the OECD Well-being Framework and applies a new perspective that analyses synergies and trade-offs between climate change mitigation and broader goals such as health, education, jobs, as well as wider environmental quality and the resources needed to sustain our livelihoods through time
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Tracking global climate change adaptation among governments

The Paris Agreement and Katowice Climate Package articulate a clear mandate for all parties to undertake and document adaptation progress. Yet persistent challenges have prevented substantive developments in tracking adaptation and the assessment of adaptation actions and their outcomes
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Business Climate Resilience: Thriving Through the Transformation

WBCSD’s report brings together important global developments and latest thinking on climate adaptation and resilience, with particular focus on private sector climate resilience. It builds on the need for businesses to prepare for both the physical risks that are associated with climate change, as well as the associated transitional risks on the path towards a net-zero economy
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Adapt Now: A Global Call for Leadership on Climate Resilience - 2019

This report focuses on making the case for climate adaptation, providing specific insights
and recommendations in key sectors: food security, the natural environment, water, cities and
urban areas, infrastructure, disaster risk management, and finance. It is designed to inspire
action among decision-makers
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

The Global Climate in 2015–2019

Compared to the previous five-year assessment period 2011–2015, the current five-year period 2015–2019 has seen a continued increase in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions
and an accelerated increase in the atmospheric concentration of major greenhouse
gases (GHGs), with growth rates nearly 20% higher
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

The Global Risks Report 2019

The Global Risks Report 2019 is published against a backdrop of worrying geopolitical and geo-economic tensions. If unresolved, these tensions will hinder the world’s ability to deal with a growing range of collective challenges
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Tracking the progress of climate change adaptation: An Australian case study

The six adaptation conferences organised by the National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility between 2010 and 2018 provide a unique and novel opportunity to track adaptation progress in Australia
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

A Land Without Water

Climate change, waves of refugees and poor planning are draining water supplies
in Jordan
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Climate change adaptation in the agriculture sector in Europe

Climate change affects agriculture in a number of ways. Changes in temperature and precipitation as well as weather and climate extremes are already influencing crop yields and livestock productivity in Europe. Weather and climate conditions also affect the availability of water needed for irrigation, livestock watering practices, processing of agricultural products, and transport and storage conditions
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Changing climate both increases and decreases European river floods

Climate change has led to concerns about increasing river floods resulting from the greater water-holding capacity of a warmer atmosphere. These concerns are reinforced by evidence of increasing economic losses associated with flooding in many parts of the world, including Europe
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Monitoring and Evaluating Climate Adaptation Activities: A Reference Guide for City Managers

Cities are leading the way in committing to ambitious climate adaptation goals and implementing strategies to reduce climate risks. However, these commitments to adaptation action often face challenges in documenting changes in resilience of urban systems and populations. To capture these adaptation results, cities will need to develop robust monitoring and reporting frameworks to measure achievement, document outcomes and learn from their adaptation activities
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Transformative adaptation to climate change for sustainable social-ecological systems

In the face of major shifts in temperature and precipitation, some conventional strategies that help people to cope or incrementally adapt to climate change may become inappropriate in the long-term. Transformative adaptation, i.e. fundamental systems’ changes that address root causes of vulnerability may be needed
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Managing global catastrophic risks - Part 1 - Understand

Sponsored by the Centre for the Study of Existential Risk (CSER), this report is dedicated to providing options for policy-makers to better understand, mitigate, prepare for, respond to and communicate about global catastrophic risks
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

How does gendered vulnerability shape the adoption and impact of sustainable livelihood interventions in an era of global climate change?

Though many studies have long considered the broad social implications of climate change, researchers have only recently started to consider the gendered unevenness of the global landscape of vulnerability, exposure, and adaptive capacity to environmental stressors and shocks
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

WMO Statement on the State of the Global Climate in 2018

This publication marks the twenty-fifth anniversary of the WMO Statement on the State of the Global Climate, which was first issued in 1994. The 2019 edition treating data for 2018 marks sustained international efforts dedicated to reporting on, analysing and understanding the year-to-year variations and long-term trends of a changing climate
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Increased frequency of and population exposure to extreme heat index days in the United States during the 21st century

The National Weather Service of the United States uses the heat index—a combined measure of temperature and relative humidity—to define risk thresholds warranting the issuance of public heat alerts. We use statistically downscaled climate models to project the frequency of and population exposure to days exceeding these thresholds in the contiguous US for the 21st century with two emissions and three population change scenarios
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

The imperative of climate action to protect human health in Europe

The report focuses on the consequences of climate change for human health in Europe and the benefits of acting now to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in order to stabilise the climate
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Agrivoltaics provide mutual benefits across the food–energy–water nexus in drylands

The vulnerabilities of our food, energy and water systems to projected climatic change make building resilience in renewable energy and food production a fundamental challenge
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Adaptation challenges and opportunities for the European energy system

This report analyses the needs for climate change adaptation and climate resilience in Europe’s energy system now and in the future. This assessment supports the clean energy transition, which involves a massive expansion of renewable energy sources, many of which are sensitive to climate factors
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Microbiologists' Warning to Humanity: microorganisms and climate change

This Consensus Statement documents the central role and global importance of microorganisms In climate change biology
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Deep-ocean climate change impacts on habitat, fish and fisheries

This publication focuses on the impacts of climatic changes on demersal fisheries, and the interactions of these fisheries with other species and vulnerable marine ecosystems. The principal cause of climate change is rising greenhouse gases and other compounds in the atmosphere that trap heat causing global warming, leading to deoxygenation and acidification in the oceans
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מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2019

Action Plan on Climate Change Adaptation and Resilience

The accelerating impacts of climate change, and the need to avoid much larger impacts in the future, bring urgency to scaling up action on adaptation and resilience
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2018

Climate Change Adaptation - Research, Science and Innovation

The historic Paris Agreement set out the challenging long-term goal of keeping global warming to “well below” 2°C above pre-industrial levels while pursuing efforts to limit it to 1.5°C. At the same time, it called on societies to build up their resilience and ability to adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2018

Scientists Warn and Call for the Protection of our Planet

We have never been in the history of mankind as a species in such a moment and place. We have
never faced such a challenge during our stay on this planet. Such a great mobilization of scientists from around the world has never happened before
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2018

Impacts of climate change on transport: A focus on airports, seaports and inland waterways

The report assesses the impacts of climate change on transport for Europe using projections of climate data, coastal inundation, river flooding and river discharge data. Impacts considered include those of sea level rise, storm surges, extreme weather events and floods on airports and seaports, as well as floods and droughts on inland waterways. Main outputs include the identification of transport infrastructure at risk in future time periods and the estimation of economic impacts
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2018

A roadmap to effective urban climate change adaptation

This paper outlines a roadmap to effective urban climate change adaptation built from our practical understanding of the evidence and effects of climate change and the preparation of climate change adaptation strategies and plans. This roadmap aims to drive research in achieving fruitful knowledge and solution-based achievable recommendations in adapting to climate change in urban areas with effective and systematic manner
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2018

The Adaptation Gap Health Report - 2018

The 2018 Adaptation Gap Report has two parts. First, it provides an overview of the status and trends of the adaptation gap in terms of vulnerability to climate change, adaptation costs and finance, and countries’ adaptation commitments and actions. Second, the report undertakes an
in-depth assessment of the adaptation gap in health
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2017

Port industry survey on climate change impacts and adaptation

Ports are critical infrastructure assets that serve as catalysts of economic growth and development. At the same time, they are also exposed to the risk of the impacts of climate variability and change, particularly in view of their location in coastal zones, low-lying areas and deltas
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2017

Climate Change, Impacts and Vulnerability in Europe 2016 - An Indicator-based Report

This report is an indicator-based assessment of past and projected climate change and its impacts on ecosystems and society. It also looks at society’s vulnerability to these impacts and at the development of adaptation policies and the underlying knowledge base.
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2017

WMO Statement on the State of the Global Climate 2017

The global mean temperature in 2017 was approximately 1.1 °C above the pre-industrial
era, more than half way towards the maximum limit of temperature increase of 2 °C sought through the Paris Agreement, which further strives to limit the increase to C 1.5 ° above pre- Industrial levels
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2017

The Adaptation Gap Report

The 2017 Adaptation Gap Report, which is the third global Adaptation Gap Report by UN Environment – prepared in collaboration with the Global Centre of Excellence on Climate Adaptation – focuses on one of the key questions arising in the wake
of the global goal: What are the ways forward to assess progress towards the global goal on
adaptation?
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2017

WMO Statement on the state of the global climate in 2016

This latest report confirms that 2016 was the warmest year on record: a remarkable 1.1 °C above the pre-industrial period, which is 0.06 °C above the previous record set in 2015. This increase in global temperature is consistent with other changes in the climate system.
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2017

Master ADAPT Project - Climate Change Adaptation Practices Across the EU Countries

Within the EU, southern Europe, and the Mediterranean basin in particular, will be most affected by global climate change. Strategies and plans for adaption to climate change are developed at national and regional level in the EU
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2017

Advancing climate adaptation practices and solutions: Emerging research priorities


This paper builds on insights from Adaptation Futures 2016: Practices and Solutions – the largest
gathering of adaptation experts to date – to identify research priorities at a time when adaptation
is scaling up and moving from planning to implementation around the world. It traces the
evolution of adaptation research over time, reflects on how it has evolved, maps what it looks
like today, anticipates research directions and gaps, and articulates new research priorities

מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2015

Periodic Report Summary 1 - DYNAMIC (DYNamic feedbacks of climate impacts on current Adaptation and Mitigation Investment Choice)

The DYNAMIC (DYNamic feedbacks of climate impacts on current Adaptation and Mitigation Investment Choice) project proposes a novel framework to evaluate the economic consequences of climate change impacts and related policy responses.
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2015

בחינת תרומת קבוצות סוציו אקונומיות בישראל לפליטות גזי חממה מצריכת מזון ביתי

לייצור המזון, במיוחד בחקלאות התעשייתית, נודעת השפעה ממשית על היקף פליטות גזי חממה באופן ישיר או עקיף. גזי חממה אלו נוצרים בכל שלבי מחזור החיים של המזון, החל משלב החקלאות ותשומותיו, דרך הייצור, הפצה, קירור, קמעונאות, הכנת המזון בבית וכלה בסילוק הפסולת.למעשה, בעוד שבמחקרים השונים קיימת הסכמה על כך שפליטות גזי חממה מייצור המזון וצריכתו מהוות חלק משמעותי מפליטות גזי החממה בעולם, המחלוקת המחקרית נסובה סביב הערכת היקף הפליטות. לדוגמא, לפי דוח של האו"ם מ- 2014 14.5% מפליטות גזי החממה כתוצאה מפעילו
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2014

Explaining Extreme Weather Events of 2013 from a Climate Perspective

The annual Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (BAMS) special issue on the attribution of last year’s extreme weather events is published today. This year’s issue “explaining extreme events of 2013 – from a climate perspective” includes two papers led by researchers from our climateprediction. This is a highly-cited and influential annual publication coined in 2012 asking whether and to what extent anthropogenic climate change altered the risk of major extreme weather events of the p
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2014

Lima call for climate action- Decision

Climate Action & UNEP delivered their fifth annual Sustainable Innovation Forum on December 9 in Lima. This year’s event brought together close to 500 leaders from key United Nations bodies, governments, international & regional companies and leading non-governmental organisations (NGO's).
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2013

United Kingdom national adaptation programme: Making the country resilient to a changing climate

This report outlines the steps government, businesses and communities are already taking to address the most severe and urgent threats of climate change, as identified by Defra last year in its Climate Change Risk Assessment
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2013

Urban Forest Strategy - City of Sydney

In 2012 the City of Sydney (the City) adopted the Greening Sydney Plan. One of the key elements of that Plan is to develop and protect the City’s urban forest. This Urban Forest Strategy outlines the way the City will work to improve the environment, using trees, while managing the associated risks and costs
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2012

Climate Change Adaptation in Israel

In accordance with a June 2009 decision by the Israel Government, the Ministry of Environmental Protection is preparing a national climate change adaptation program aimed at reducing the adverse effects of global changes on water scarcity, drought and increased frequency of extreme events, among others
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2012

Climate Change Risk Assessment for the Agriculture Sector

UK agriculture could be significantly affected by climate change Rising temperatures and changing rainfall patterns, changes in sunshine levels and in concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), and increasing frequency of weather events currently considered extreme would all have an impact on operations, productivity and the range of products offered by
the sector
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2012

Climate Prediction for Adaptation: Who needs what?

The role of short- and long-term climate predictions in determining the success of adaptation to climate change is investigated. A simple theoretical model that captures the relationship between adaptive performance, decision structure, and prediction accuracy at different temporal scales is developed, and its implications deduced. It is shown that users who face high adjustment costs (i.e. are inflexible) depend more heavily on accurate long-term predictions than those who are able to adjust
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2012

UK climate change risk assessment: government report

The Government published the UK Climate Change Risk Assessment (CCRA) on 25 January 2012, the first assessment of its kind for the UK and the first in a 5 year cycle. It sets out the main priorities for adaptation in the UK under 5 key themes identified in the CCRA 2012 Evidence Report - Agriculture and Forestry; Business, industries and Services; Health and Wellbeing; Natural Environment and Buildings and Infrastructure - and describes the policy context, and action already in place to tackle
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2011

Urban Forest Strategy: Making a great city greener 2012-2032

This is the City of Melbourne’s first Urban Forest Strategy. It is the product of a collaborative
process, developed over two years with a large number of stakeholders including local and
the broader community in Melbourne
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2011

2011 Bonn Declaration of Mayors

This declaration is the outcome document of the Mayors Adaptation Forum, which forms the Mayors segment of the Resilient Cities 2011 congress. It highlights the need to build resilience to disasters as a critical issue. It also signals the need to take appropriate action to build local capacities in reducing risk to disasters including those exacerbated by climate change.
The declaration advocates for the implementation of the following: (i) mainstreaming new adaptation and resilience standard
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2011

A double-resolution transient RCM climate change

A double-resolution regional experiment on hydrodynamic simulation of climate over the eastern Mediterranean (EM) region was performed using an International Center for Theoretical Physics, Trieste RegCM3 model. The RegCM3 was driven from the lateral boundaries by the data from the ECHAM5/MPI-OM global climate simulation performed at the MPI-M, Hamburg and based on the A1B IPCC scenario of greenhouse gases emission. Two simulation runs for the time period 1960-2060, employing spatial resolutions
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2011

Climate Change Adaptation and Real Option Evaluation: A Case Study in Campeche, Mexico

This report illustrates the application of a (relatively) new method to guide decision making under high (and unknowable) levels of uncertainty. The approach allows for the identification of robust policy options that are economically beneficial under different scenarios and varying levels uncertainty. Option value techniques are commonly employed in the finance literature to identify investment decisions that are resilient across a spectrum of outcomes. The methods are technically advanced
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2011

ipcc summary for policymakers

The Working Group III Special Report on Renewa
ble Energy Sources and Climate Change
Mitigation (SRREN) presents an assessment of th
e literature on the scientific, technological,
environmental, economic and social aspects of
the contribution of six renewable energy (RE)
sources to the mitigation of climate change. It is
intended to provide policy relevant information to
governments, intergovernmental processes and ot
her interested parties. This Summary for
Policymakers provides an ov
מידע נוסף
מרכז הידע הישראלי להערכות לשינויי אקלים
2008

Climate change- vulnerability and adaptation indicators

The purpose of this Technical Paper is to rehearse some fundamental concepts surrounding the
development and delineation of adaptation indicators. It builds upon the outputs of an Expert meeting
on climate change vulnerability and adaptation indicators (Budapest, September 2008) and on the
contents of a Background Paper that was prepared for the meeting.
מידע נוסף
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